View the printer-friendly version of this release.
Province of British Columbia
For Immediate Release
Dec. 11, 2018
Ministry of Social Development and Poverty Reduction
Ministry of Municipal Affairs and Housing
Despite steps taken, homeless counts show challenges ahead

VICTORIA – The first-ever provincewide homeless-count report shows that while B.C. has taken important first steps to house British Columbians, more work needs to be done to prevent and address homelessness in B.C. communities.

According to the report — which brings together statistics from 24 communities over the past two years — at least 7,655 people are experiencing homelessness across a broad demographic of individuals, families, youth and seniors. Indigenous peoples and former children in care are significantly overrepresented.

“Too many British Columbians — working, on a pension, suffering from illness — have been left behind for far too long,” said Shane Simpson, Minister of Social Development and Poverty Reduction. “This level of homelessness should never have been allowed to take hold. The numbers we’re seeing make us even more determined to make housing more available and affordable for all British Columbians.”

The B.C. government began working with partners to take action on homelessness soon after being sworn in last year by fast-tracking modular housing in 22 communities, and supportive housing for Indigenous peoples, seniors, and women and children fleeing violence.

“Having a place to call home, knowing there is somewhere to go that is safe and secure means different things to different people,” said Selina Robinson, Minister of Municipal Affairs and Housing. “For some, it is a new start, opening a door to new opportunities. For others it is hope, relief from grinding despair.

“At the same time, we know there are many more people who still need a safe place to call home. We continue to work closely with all our partners to find solutions, build new housing and deliver effective supports. The kind of homelessness we’re seeing today didn’t happen overnight and it won’t be fixed overnight, but we haven’t waited to get started.”

The report is the first time this information has been compiled on a provincial level and will help government, community partners and housing providers develop better supports and services to help people who are experiencing, or at risk of, homelessness. Government will release a homelessness action plan as part of B.C.'s first Poverty Reduction Strategy in early 2019.

“This report is another reminder of why we have made it a priority to rebuild the social programs people rely on,” added Simpson. “Many people living on the street are struggling with challenges that are intensified through their experience of being homeless. You can’t live on the street and not be affected both mentally and physically by the constant struggle.

“In the coming months, we will be looking to other levels of government and our community partners to help us deliver a wide range of supports, with a focus on early intervention services that will help prevent people from becoming homeless in the first place.”

Addressing poverty and homelessness is a shared priority between government and the B.C. Green caucus and is part of the Confidence and Supply Agreement.


Celine Mauboules, executive director, Homelessness Services Association of BC —

“The report provides important baseline information including demographic and service needs of individuals experiencing homelessness and is an important step to understanding and addressing the needs of our most vulnerable citizens. Finalizing the report was a significant undertaking and we are grateful for the support we received from participating communities.”

Jill Atkey, CEO, BC Non-Profit Housing Association —

“That nearly 8,000 British Columbians on a typical night have no place to call home is a problem that has persisted for far too long. For some time now, we have advocated for a report like this that looks at homelessness at a provincial level. Good baseline data will allow us to track the impacts of the historic provincial investments being made into housing and poverty reduction, and our collective efforts in solving a crisis that reaches every corner of British Columbia.”

Quick Facts:

  • In March 2018, the Province provided the Homelessness Services Association of BC with $550,000 to co-ordinate homeless counts in 12 communities, compile that data with data from other communities and prepare the provincial homeless count report.
  • Investments in housing and supports for people who are experiencing or at risk of homelessness include:
    • more than 2,000 modular homes in partnership with 22 communities;
    • 2,500 supportive housing units;
    • $734 million over 10 years for 1,500 spaces of transition and second-stage housing to provide a safe place for women and children escaping violent relationships;
    • $550 million over 10 years for 1,750 new units of social housing for Indigenous peoples, both on- and off-reserve; and,
    • expanded eligibility for the Rental Assistance Program (RAP) and Shelter Aid for Elderly Renters (SAFER). More than 35,000 households will benefit from the enhancements. The average RAP payment will go up by approximately $800 a year and the average SAFER payment will go up by approximately $930 a year.
    • In addition to over 2,000 permanent, year-round shelter spaces available throughout B.C., the Province is working with municipalities and non-profits to provide 1,454 temporary shelter spaces and 772 extreme weather response shelter spaces and will open additional shelters throughout the season as needed.
  • Investments to make life more affordable in B.C. include:
    • $472 million over three years to increase income and disability assistance rates by $100 a month, a move that benefits 190,000 people in the province;
    • $20.9 million over three years to increase earnings exemptions for everyone on assistance by $200 a month, allowing people to keep more of the money they earn; and,
    • $214.5 million over three years to create a new transportation supplement for people on disability assistance.

Learn More:

2018 Report on Homeless Counts in B.C.:  

Homes for B.C., a 30-point plan to address housing affordability for British Columbians:

B.C.’s Poverty Reduction Strategy consultation:

For more information on B.C.’s RAP and SAFER:

A backgrounder follows.

Media Relations
Ministry of Social Development and Poverty Reduction
250 387-6490

Province of British Columbia
For Immediate Release
Dec. 11, 2018
Ministry of Social Development and Poverty Reduction
Ministry of Municipal Affairs and Housing
2018 Report on Homeless Counts in B.C.

In spring 2018, the Province of British Columbia funded homeless counts in 12 B.C. communities.

The results were combined with data from 12 other communities to prepare the 2018 Report on Homeless Counts in B.C., which provides a broad picture of homelessness in B.C. and covers more than 85% of the province’s population.

Homeless counts are conducted over a 24-hour period. While they can only represent a point in time, they provide vital information, building a snapshot of the demographics and service needs of people experiencing homelessness. The report establishes a benchmark to measure progress over time and will inform provincial strategies in development, including the homelessness action plan expected in early 2019.

Key findings:

  • 7,655 people were identified as experiencing homelessness. Of that number, 4,787 (63%) were sheltered and 2,868 (37%) were unsheltered.
  • Gender identity: 3,683 (68%) were male, 1,653 (30%) were female and 87 (2%) self-identified as other gender identity.
  • Age breakdown: 758 (15%) were youth under 25 years of age, 3,350 (65%) were adults and 1,023 (20%) were seniors. There were 1,236 (29%) people that had been in foster care, a youth group home or under a youth agreement.
  • Indigenous overrepresentation: Of the 5,045 people that self-identified, 1,904 (38%) were Indigenous.
  • Barriers to housing: 1,813 (53%) said rent was too high, 1,743 (51%) said their income was too low and 1,017 (30%) reported there was no available or suitable housing.
  • Sources of income: 735 people reported income from employment, 1,212 received a disability benefit, 1,682 received income or disability assistance and 439 people reported senior’s benefits.
  • Length of time in community: 50% of people have lived in the same community for their entire lives, or 10 years or longer, 29% said they lived in the same community between one to 10 years and 21% said they lived in the same community less than one year.
  • Length of time being homeless: 2,088 people (52%) had been homeless for one year or more while 1,263 people (31%) had been homeless for less than six months.
  • Health conditions: 1,911 people (56%) reported an addiction, 1,358 people (40%) reported a mental illness, 1,501 (44%) reported a medical condition and 1,132 people (33%) reported a physical disability. 58% of people reported having two or more health conditions.

The report data represents more than 85% of the province by population. The 24 communities included in the provincial homeless report are:

  • 12 funded by the provincial government (March/April 2018):
    • Campbell River                             
    • Comox Valley                                
    • Cranbrook                                     
    • Fort St. John                                   
    • Merritt                                          
    • Parksville and Qualicum Beach    
    • Penticton                                       
    • Port Alberni                                   
    • Prince Rupert                                
    • Gibsons/Sechelt                             
    • Smithers                                        
    • Williams Lake                                                          
  • Six funded by the federal government through the Homelessness Partnering Strategy (March/April 2018):
    • Greater Victoria                     
    • Kelowna                                        
    • Kamloops                                      
    • Nanaimo                                       
    • Nelson                                          
    • Prince George                              
  • Six independent counts conducted by the communities:
    • Duncan (February 2017)                                 
    • Fraser Valley Regional District (March 2017)               
    • Metro Vancouver (March 2017)            
    • Salt Spring Island (March 2018)             
    • Terrace (April 2018)                                 
    • Vernon (October 2017)                                        

In addition, data on 146 individuals was collected the night of March 20, 2018, from BC Housing funded shelters, transition houses for women and their children at risk of violence, and safe homes in 35 communities. This data was included in the total number of people identified as experiencing homelessness in B.C. and in the gender identity breakdown.

Media Relations
Ministry of Social Development and Poverty Reduction
250 387-6490

Connect with the Province of B.C. at: